surviving Holy Chalice vessel is the santo cáliz, an
agate cup in the Cathedral of Valencia. It is preserved
in a chapel consecrated to it, where it still attracts
the faithful on pilgrimage.
piece is a hemispherical cup made of dark red agate
which is mounted by means of a knobbed stem and two
curved handles onto a base made from an inverted cup
of chalcedony. The agate cup is about 9 centimeters
(3.5 inches) in diameter and the total height, including
base, is about 17 centimetres (7 inches) high. The agate
cup, without the base, fits a description by Saint Jerome.The
lower part has Arabic inscriptions.
an inspection in 1960, the Spanish archaeologist Antonio
Beltrán asserted that the cup was produced in a Palestinian
or Egyptian workshop between the 4th century BC and
the 1st century AD. The surface has not been dated by
microscopic scanning to assess recrystallisation.
Chalice of Valencia comes complete with a certificate
of authenticity, an inventory list on vellum, said to
date from AD 262, that accompanied a lost letter of
which details state-sponsored Roman persecution of Christians
that forces the church to split up its treasury and
hide it with members, specifically the deacon Saint
Lawrence. It goes on to enumerate all precious items.
The physical properties of the Holy Chalice are described
and it is stated the vessel had been used to celebrate
Mass by the early Popes succeeding Saint Peter.
first explicit inventory reference to the present Chalice
of Valencia dates from 1134, an inventory of the treasury
of the monastery of San Juan de la Peña drawn up by
Don Carreras Ramírez, Canon of Zaragoza, 14 December
1134: "En un arca de marfil está el Cáliz en que
Cristo N. Señor consagró su sangre, el cual envió S.
Lorenzo a su patria, Huesca". According to the
wording of this document, the Chalice is described as
the vessel in which "Christ Our Lord consecrated
to the chalice is made in 1399, when it was given by
the monastery of San Juan de la Peña to king Martin
I of Aragon in exchange for a gold cup. By the end of
the century a provenance for the chalice can be detected,
by which Saint Peter had brought it to Rome.
John Paul II himself celebrated mass with the Holy Chalice
in Valencia in November 1982, causing some uproar both
in skeptic circles and in the circles that hoped he
would say accipiens et hunc praeclarum Calicem ("this
most famous chalice") in lieu of the ordinary words
of the Mass taken from Matthew 26:27). For some people,
the authenticity of the Chalice of Valencia failed to
receive papal blessing.
July 2006, at the closing Mass of the 5th World Meeting
of Families in Valencia, Pope Benedict XVI also celebrated
with the Holy Chalice, on this occasion saying "this
most famous chalice", words in the Roman Canon
said to have been used for the first popes until the
4th century in Rome, and supporting in this way the
tradition of the Holy Chalice of Valencia. This artifact
has seemingly never been accredited with any supernatural
powers, which legend apparently confines to other relics
such as the Holy Grail, the Holy Lance and the True
Saint Laurence and the Holy Grail, Janice Bennett claims
to trace the chalice's history, carried on Saint Peter's
journey to Rome, entrusted by Pope Sixtus II to Saint
Lawrence in the 3rd century, sent to Huesca in Spain
when the Hispanic saint was martyred on a gridiron during
the Valerian persecution in Rome in AD 258, sent to
the Pyrenees for safekeeping, where it passed from monastery
to monastery, in accordance with all the claims to former
possession of the Chalice, and venerated by the monks
of the Monastery of San Juan de la Peña. Emerging there
into the light of history, the monastery's agate cup
was acquired by King Martin I of Aragon in 1399 who
kept it at Zaragoza. After his death, King Alfonso V
of Aragón brought it to Valencia, where it has remained.
presents as historical evidence a 17th century Spanish
text entitled Life and Martyrdom of the Glorious Spaniard
St. Laurence from a monastery in Valencia, which is
supposed to be a translation -as the original manuscript
does not exist of a 6th century manuscript Latin entitled
Vita, written by Donato, an Augustinian monk who founded
a monastery in the area of Valencia, which contains
circumstantial details of the life of Saint Laurence
and details surrounding the transfer of the Chalice
to Spain. Her claims are not corroborated by the main
source for the life of St. Laurence, the poem Peristephanon
by the 5th century poet Prudentius, which does not mention
the Chalice that was later said to have passed through
1960 the Spanish archeologist Antonio Beltrán studied
the Chalice and concluded: "Archeology supports
and definitively confirms the historical authenticity".
Everyone in Spain believes it is the cup," Bennett
said to a reporter from the Denver Catholic Register.
"You can see it every day that the chapel is open."
del Santo Grial :
(Jaca) S.Juan de la Peña-Valencia
The Camino del Santo Grial travels the path of the relic identified as the Holy Chalice of the Last Supper, from Aragón
to Valencia, passing through Huesca, Zaragoza
and Teruel .
at wanadoo.fr - 08/08/2016